Recommended Vaccinations and Health Precautions as a Tourist in Turkey

Your ultimate guide to staying healthy in Turkey. 

Turkey, with its rich history, stunning landscapes, and vibrant culture, is a popular travel destination. However, ensuring you stay healthy while exploring this beautiful country is crucial. 

By taking these steps, you can enjoy your vacation with peace of mind. Traveling to a new country exposes you to different health risks that might not be present in your home country. 

Vaccinations and health precautions help protect you from various diseases and health issues that could disrupt your travel plans. They also contribute to global health by preventing the spread of infectious diseases. 

Staying informed and prepared is essential to ensure a safe and enjoyable trip. This article will guide you through the recommended vaccinations and health precautions you should consider before and during your trip to Turkey.

Essential Vaccinations for Tourists Visiting Turkey

Recommended Vaccinations and Health Precautions as a Tourist in Turkey

When planning your trip to Turkey, it is important to get the necessary vaccinations to protect yourself against potential health risks. Here are some key vaccinations to consider:

Hepatitis A and B

Hepatitis A and B are viral infections that affect the liver. Hepatitis A is typically contracted through contaminated food and water, while Hepatitis B is spread through contact with infected bodily fluids. 

Given the potential for exposure, it is recommended that travelers to Turkey get vaccinated for both. The vaccination schedule usually involves two shots for Hepatitis A and three shots for Hepatitis B, so plan accordingly.


Typhoid fever is caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi and is spread through contaminated food and water. Travelers to Turkey, especially those planning to visit rural areas or eat local street food, should consider the typhoid vaccine. 

It is available as an oral vaccine or an injection, with the oral version providing protection for about five years and the injection for about two years.


Rabies is a risk in Turkey due to stray animals, particularly dogs. If you plan to spend a lot of time outdoors or in rural areas where you might come into contact with animals, the rabies vaccine is recommended. This vaccine is typically given in three doses over one month.


Tetanus and diphtheria are bacterial infections that can be very serious. Tetanus is commonly contracted through cuts or wounds, while diphtheria spreads through respiratory droplets. 

A combined tetanus-diphtheria vaccine (Td) is recommended, especially if your last shot was more than ten years ago.

Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR)

Measles, mumps, and rubella are highly contagious diseases that can be prevented with the MMR vaccine. Many countries require this vaccination for international travel. Ensure your MMR vaccination is up to date before traveling to Turkey.

Additional Precautions For Turkey Tourists

In addition to vaccinations, travelers should take several health precautions to stay healthy during their trip to Turkey. These measures will help you avoid common health issues and ensure a safe and enjoyable journey.

General Health Tips

Staying healthy while traveling involves more than just vaccinations. Here are some general health tips to keep in mind:

  • Staying Hydrated: Always drink plenty of water, especially in the hot Turkish climate. Opt for bottled water to avoid potential contamination.
  • Eating Safely: Enjoying local cuisine is a highlight of any trip, but be cautious with street food. Eat at reputable restaurants and ensure your food is cooked thoroughly.
  • Hand Hygiene: Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, especially before eating. Carry hand sanitizer for situations where washing isn’t possible.

Protection Against Mosquitoes

Mosquito-borne diseases, such as West Nile virus, are present in Turkey. To minimize your risk:

  • Use Repellents: Apply insect repellent containing DEET to exposed skin.
  • Wear Protective Clothing: Long-sleeved shirts and long pants can help protect against bites.
  • Use Mosquito Nets: If you’re staying in an area with a high risk of mosquitoes, use a bed net at night.

Sun Protection

Turkey’s sunny weather can be harsh, especially in summer. Protect yourself from sunburn and heat-related illnesses:

  • Sunscreen: Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF 30.
  • Stay Shaded: Avoid direct sunlight during peak hours (10 a.m. to 4 p.m.).
  • Hydrate: Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated in the heat.

Avoiding Traveler’s Diarrhea

Traveler’s diarrhea is a common issue for tourists. To avoid it:

  • Drink Bottled Water: Stick to bottled or purified water.
  • Eat Well-Cooked Foods: Ensure your meals are cooked thoroughly and avoid raw or undercooked dishes.

Travel Health Kit Essentials

Packing a travel health kit can help you manage minor health issues on the go. Here’s what to include:

  • First Aid Kit: Band-aids, antiseptic wipes, gauze, and adhesive tape.
  • Prescription Medications: Bring enough for your entire trip, plus a little extra in case of delays.
  • Over-the-counter Remedies: Medications for headaches, stomach issues, allergies, and pain relief.
  • Insect Repellent: To protect against mosquito bites.
  • Sunscreen: For sun protection.
Recommended Vaccinations and Health Precautions as a Tourist in Turkey

Health Services in Turkey

Knowing where to find medical help in case of an emergency is crucial. Turkey has a well-developed healthcare system, and it’s important to be aware of the available health services.

Pharmacies and Hospitals

Turkey has a well-developed healthcare system, with pharmacies and hospitals widely available. Many pharmacists speak English and can offer advice and medications. 

Pharmacies, known as “eczane,” are easily recognizable by their red “E” sign and are found in most towns and cities. Hospitals in Turkey range from state-run facilities to private clinics, with private hospitals generally offering a higher standard of care and shorter waiting times.

Travel Insurance

Make sure you have travel insurance that covers medical expenses. This can provide peace of mind and financial protection if you need medical treatment. When purchasing travel insurance, check the policy details to ensure it covers medical evacuation, as this can be crucial in case of serious illness or injury.

Accessing Medical Help

In case of a medical emergency, call 112 for an ambulance. For less urgent issues, visit a local pharmacy or hospital. It’s a good idea to carry a card with important information, such as your insurance details, emergency contacts, and any medical conditions or allergies, in both English and Turkish.

Recommended Vaccinations and Health Precautions as a Tourist in Turkey

Special Considerations for Hairline Transplant Tourists

If you’re traveling to Turkey for a hairline transplant, take these specific health precautions:

Pre-Transplant Health Checks

Ensure you have a thorough health check-up before the procedure. This may include blood tests and a review of your medical history to ensure you are fit for surgery. 

Your doctor will also provide advice on any medications or supplements you should avoid before the procedure.

Post-Transplant Care

Follow your doctor’s advice on post-transplant care, including avoiding strenuous activities and following a specific hair care routine. It is crucial to keep the transplant area clean and protected from direct sunlight. 

Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics or anti-inflammatory medications to aid in healing and reduce the risk of infection.

Specific Health Precautions

Be mindful of any medications or treatments prescribed to aid your recovery. Avoid smoking and alcohol consumption, as these can impair healing. Stay hydrated and maintain a balanced diet to support your body’s recovery process.

If you experience any unusual symptoms or complications, contact your healthcare provider immediately.

Recommended Vaccinations and Health Precautions as a Tourist in Turkey

Top 11 Additional Travel Health Tips

To ensure your trip to Turkey is as enjoyable and safe as possible, consider these additional travel health tips:

1. Stay Informed About Local Health Advisories

Keep up to date with any health advisories or warnings issued for Turkey. This information can be found on websites such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) or the World Health Organization (WHO). 

These organizations provide valuable information about current health risks, vaccination recommendations, and preventive measures

2. Be Aware of Air Quality

In some parts of Turkey, particularly in urban areas, air quality can be a concern. Check the local air quality index (AQI) during your stay and take precautions if levels are high. This may include staying indoors during peak pollution times and using air purifiers in your accommodation.

3. Avoid Contact with Animals

While Turkey is home to many friendly and adorable animals, it’s best to avoid contact with stray animals, as they can carry diseases such as rabies. If you are bitten or scratched by an animal, seek medical attention immediately.

4. Practice Safe Swimming

If you plan to swim in the sea or a pool, be cautious. Ensure the water is clean and safe for swimming. Avoid swimming in freshwater lakes or rivers, as they may contain harmful bacteria or parasites.

5. Emergency Numbers and Local Contacts

Familiarize yourself with emergency numbers in Turkey. In addition to 112 for medical emergencies, 155 is the number for police, and 110 is for fire emergencies. It’s also helpful to have the contact information of your embassy or consulate in Turkey in case you need assistance.

6. Travel Insurance Considerations

When choosing travel insurance, look for policies that offer comprehensive coverage. This includes not only medical expenses but also trip cancellation, loss of belongings, and emergency evacuation. Review the policy details carefully to understand what is covered and any exclusions.

7. Prepare for Allergies

If you have allergies, carry any necessary medications, such as antihistamines or epinephrine injectors. Inform your travel companions about your allergies and how they can help in case of an allergic reaction. Be cautious with new foods and environments that may trigger your allergies.

8. Get Regular Exercise

Staying active during your trip can help maintain your overall health. Incorporate physical activities such as walking, hiking, or swimming into your travel itinerary. Exercise can boost your immune system, improve your mood, and enhance your travel experience.

9. Manage Stress

Travel can sometimes be stressful, especially when dealing with new environments and potential health risks. Practice stress management techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, or yoga to stay calm and focused. Planning ahead and being well-prepared can also reduce travel-related stress.

10. Stay Connected

Keep in touch with family and friends back home. Share your travel plans and contact information with them, so they know how to reach you in case of an emergency. Using social media or messaging apps can help you stay connected and share your travel experiences.

11. Learn Basic Turkish Phrases

Learning a few basic Turkish phrases can help you navigate your travels more smoothly and enhance your interactions with locals. Simple phrases such as “hello,” “thank you,” and “where is the nearest pharmacy?” can be very useful.

By following these additional health tips and staying prepared, you can ensure a safe, healthy, and enjoyable trip to Turkey. Taking proactive steps to protect your health will allow you to fully immerse yourself in the beauty and culture of this incredible country.

Recommended Vaccinations and Health Precautions as a Tourist in Turkey

Turkey Travel Vaccinations Checklist

Routine Vaccinations

MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella)

Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis (DTaP/Tdap)

Varicella (Chickenpox)


Annual Influenza (Flu)

Recommended Vaccinations

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis B


Special Considerations

Rabies (for outdoor activities, working with animals, or extended stays in rural areas)

Japanese Encephalitis (for long-term travelers or extensive outdoor activities in rural areas)

COVID-19 (up-to-date with latest guidelines and booster doses)

Recommended Vaccinations and Health Precautions as a Tourist in Turkey

Final Thoughts

Taking the necessary vaccinations and health precautions can significantly enhance your travel experience in Turkey. Consult with your healthcare provider to ensure you’re fully prepared for your trip. 

By staying informed and vigilant, you can enjoy all that Turkey has to offer while staying healthy and safe. Remember, “Vaccination and Health Precautions in Turkey” highlights the importance of being proactive about your health as you embark on your Turkish adventure. Safe travels!

Last updated in June 2024, written by Tom and published by Emily.